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Saturday, December 5, 2020
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Daily Devotion for August 25, 2016


<i>The Good Shepherd</i> by Thomas Cole, ca. 1848.
The Good Shepherd by Thomas Cole, ca. 1848.

Prayers

Scripture

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Lord's Prayer

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever and ever.

Amen.




For a Steady Mind While at Prayer

O  Lord, take from me idleness of spirit, which destroys time; and vanity of thought, which hinders Your presence and distracts my attention to prayer. And if, while in prayer, I turn away from You in my thoughts, help me to return to my purpose; so that I might not avert my heart from You, during the few precious moments I dedicate to talking with You.

And grant me this day, dear Lord, that You may never be completely out of my thoughts. Let me carry you as a voice to guide my every step as I slip down the path of this precious day, that I might always remember Your will, and lighten the world around me. Help me to make every moment of my day, every word from my mouth, a prayer, that I might live in Your presence.

Amen.

Prayer for Humility

Heavenly Father, who sent your Son to ride on an ass and to work as a simple carpenter: if you so humbled yourself to save me, how can I puff myself up with pride above others? Let me follow Christ's example, never to inflate myself with pride of status, of opinion, or of any of the gifts you have bestowed upon me.

Give me the grace to realize my ignorance, admit my mistakes, recognize my needs. Let me welcome good advice and sound rebuke, without defensiveness. Grant me always to praise rather than criticize, sympathize rather than discourage, build rather than destroy, and when I am angry at the ignorance of another, to recall my own ignorance and remember that we are all your beloved children. Let my hope and glory be ever in you, and not in my own vanity. This I ask in Christ's sake,

Amen.

Benediction

Now unto him that is able to keep me from falling, and to present me faultless before the presence of his glory with exceeding joy, to the only wise God our Savior, be glory and majesty, dominion and power, both now and ever.

Amen.


Think of the day ahead in terms of God with you, and visualize health, strength, guidance, purity, calm confidence, and victory as the gifts of His presence.



<i>Saint Catherine of Siena</i>, artist unknown ca. 1680.
Saint Catherine of Siena, artist unknown ca. 1680.

The Glory of the Lord — Isaiah 40:1-5 (KJV)

Comfort ye, comfort ye my people, saith your God. Speak ye comfortably to Jerusalem, and cry unto her, that her warfare is accomplished, that her iniquity is pardoned: for she hath received of the Lord’s hand double for all her sins.

The voice of him that crieth in the wilderness, Prepare ye the way of the Lord, make straight in the desert a highway for our God. Every valley shall be exalted, and every mountain and hill shall be made low: and the crooked shall be made straight, and the rough places plain:

And the glory of the Lord shall be revealed, and all flesh shall see it together: for the mouth of the Lord hath spoken it.


Blue Latin Cross

Matthew 13:14-17 (ESV)

The Purpose of the Parables [2]

This is why I speak to them in parables, because seeing they do not see, and hearing they do not hear, nor do they understand. Indeed, in their case the prophecy of Isaiah is fulfilled that says:

‘You will indeed hear but never understand,
and you will indeed see but never perceive.
For this people’s heart has grown dull,
and with their ears they can barely hear,
and their eyes they have closed,
lest they should see with their eyes
and hear with their ears
and understand with their heart
and turn, and I would heal them.’

But blessed are your eyes, for they see, and your ears, for they hear. For truly, I say to you, many prophets and righteous people longed to see what you see, and did not see it, and to hear what you hear, and did not hear it.

Notes on the Scripture

The quote from Isaiah (Isaiah 6:9-11) is reworded in Matthew so much that its meaning has changed. Consider the original, for it creates great difficulties:

“Make the heart of this people fat, and their ears heavy, and blind their eyes; lest they see with their eyes, and hear with their ears, and understand with their hearts, and turn and be healed.”

Then I said, “How long, O Lord?”

And he said:“ Until cities lie waste without inhabitant, and houses without people, and the land is a desolate waste, . . .”

We need to take a short side trip into the history of the Bible. Around 300 B.C., a group of seventy Jewish scholars collected, harmonized, and arranged the sacred books of Judaism. They then translated them into Greek, thus creating the first real Jewish Bible, or as we Christians call it, the first real Old Testament. This is known as the Septuagint (“septuaginta” being Latin for “seventy”). We can call this the “Greek Old Testament”. This was the most accurate and consistent Jewish Bible available to the writers of the New Testament, even though it was written in Greek!

It seems strange that, in the first century AD, the best Jewish Bible was written in Greek; but we must realize that in 300 B.C., Hebrew was a dead language. The language of educated men, Jewish or otherwise, was Greek. The Jews could not read a Bible written in Hebrew any better than modern Christians can read a Bible written in Latin.

A thousand years later, a group of Jews (known as the Masoretes) undertook to formalize the Tanakh, or Jewish Bible, in Hebrew; the work spanned centuries and was probably finished about 1000 A.D. It is formally known as the Masoretic Text, although we can properly call it the “Hebrew Old Testament”. This is considered the authoritative text of the Hebrew Bible (Tanakh) in Judaism.

To recap, we have two primary Jewish Bibles: The older Greek version from @ 300 BC, called the Septuagint, and the Hebrew version from @ 1000 AD, the Masoretic Text. The Masoretic Text is a more accurate version of the ancient Hebrew scrolls, even though compiled 1300 years later.

Here is the problem: The more accurate Hebrew Old Testament (Masoretic Text) did not exist in the earliest days of Christianity, when the books of the New Testament were written. But when the Reformation occurred in the 16th Century, and the Protestants wrote their own Bible, they were able to use the more authoritative Hebrew Old Testament (which had been codified in 1000 A.D.).

This is where the Apocrypha comes from. It comprises books included in the Greek Old Testament but omitted from the more authoritative Masoretic Text. Luther, Wycliffe, et al., having the benefit of the great Jewish scholarship of the Masoretes, adopted the Hebrew Old Testament as the Christian canon and thus dropped a number of books, which were included in the older Greek version but not in the newer, more authoritative Hebrew version. So all Protestant Bibles have 66 books (39 in the Old Testament) while the traditional Catholic Bible, which was compiled only a few centuries after Christ, has 73 books (46 in the Old Testament).

The great English Protestant Bible, the King James Version, included these additional seven Old Testament books as the “Apocrypha”, since they were approved reading for Christians, but not considered canonical (sacred) by Protestants. There are four historical books: Tobit, Judith, 1 Maccabees and 2 Maccabees; two wisdom books, Wisdom (The Wisdom of Solomon) and Sirach (also called Ecclesiasticus); and one prophetic book, Baruch. The Catholic, Orthodox, and Protestant New Testaments are substantially identical.

The Biblical canon really is not an insurmountable barrier between Catholics, Orthodox, and Protestants today. Unfortunately, the length of these notes is an insurmountable barrier to further discussion, so we will have to continue this tomorrow.



endless knot

Daily Inspiration

“How Much Forgiveness?”

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Today in Daily Prayer


Memory Verse

Matthew 28:19: Therefore go and make disciples of all nations, baptizing them in the name of the Father and of the Son and of the Holy Spirit, and teaching them to obey everything I have commanded you.



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