God was in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself.
~ 2 Corinthians 5:19
The apostle Paul declared that he was determined to know nothing save Christ and Him crucified. This was the apostle's way of emphasizing the extreme importance of the Cross to Christianity. The doctrine of the Atonement is central to all Christian theology. Luther called Christianity a theology of the Cross. The figure of a cross is the universal symbol of Christianity. The concept of atonement reaches back to the Old Testament where God set up a system by which the people of Israel could make atonement for their sins. To atone is to make amends, to set things right.
Both the Old and New Testaments make it clear that all human beings are sinners. As our sins are against an infinite, holy God who cannot tolerate sin, atonement must be made in order for us to have fellowship with God.
A key phrase in the Bible regarding the Atonement is the phrase, “in behalf of.” Jesus did not die for Himself, but for us. His suffering was vicarious; He was our substitute. He took our place in fulfilling the role of the Lamb of God who takes away the sin of the world.
While the Father's wrath is real, it should be noted that the atonement Christ made was not a case of the Son working against the Father's will. It is not as if Christ were snatching His people out of the Father's hand. The Son did not persuade the Father to save those whom the Father was loathe to save. On the contrary, both Father and Son willed the salvation of the elect and worked together to bring it to pass. As the apostle Paul wrote, “God was in Christ, reconciling the world to Himself.”(2 Corinthians 5:19).
- Atonement involves a payment to make amends for a debt.
- Human beings cannot atone for their own sins.
- Jesus' perfection qualified Him to make atonement.
- Christ fulfilled the curse of the Old Covenant.
- Christ's atonement was both a work of substitution and satisfaction.
- The Father and Son worked in harmony to effect our reconciliation.
Lord God, I thank you for paying the price to redeem me from my sin. Amen.
~ based on “Essential Truths of the Christian Faith” by R. C. Sproul