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Tuesday, December 18, 2018

Daily Devotion for November 26, 2016


<i>The Stoning of Stephen</i> by Bernardo Daddi, ca. 1348. At the Vatican Museum.
The Stoning of Stephen by Bernardo Daddi, ca. 1348. The murder of Stephen by the Sanhedrin (Acts 7) is particularly appropriate to today’s Bible reading, about the hypocrisy of the Pharisees. (The person in the center, holding the green cloak, is the future Saint Paul.)

Prayers

Scripture

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Lord's Prayer

Our Father, who art in heaven, hallowed be thy name. Thy kingdom come; Thy will be done, on earth as it is in heaven. Give us this day our daily bread, and forgive us our trespasses, as we forgive those who trespass against us. And lead us not into temptation, but deliver us from evil.

For Thine is the kingdom, and the power, and the glory, forever and ever.

Amen.



Morning Praise

Blessed are you, Lord God: Blessed are you for ever. Holy is your name: Blessed are you for ever. Great is your mercy for your people. In the morning I cry out to you: Blessed are you for ever.

Father, Son, and Holy Spirit, I praise you and give you glory: I bless you for calling me to be one of your holy people. Remain in my heart, and guide me in my love and service all of this day. Help me to shine your light before others and lead them to the way of faith. Holy Trinity of love, I praise you now and for ever.

Amen.

Meditation

[Blessed is God forever.]


For the Holiness of the Church

Oh God my Father, who has always loved and protected your universal church, I pray that your Holy Spirit may fall upon all ministers, priests, pastors, bishops, and all who lead in churches; and upon all teachers of your holy Word.

Make them good and faithful stewards of your Holy Word, dear Lord. Bless them to lead us closer to you every day. Let them not be hypocrites in their actions, nor blinded by their personal bias to the truth of your teaching. Let them be strong against the pressures of the secular world, without compromise. Let them always strive for unity with all Christians, not pridefully dividing themselves from one another by the fallible doctrines of man. Raise them up, to peace and love and utter humility, that by their example your flock may be guided into the way of truth.

Amen.

Thirty Days of Thanksgiving

#25 What moment this week am I thankful for?


Benediction

May the Passion of Christ be ever in my heart. May your law and your goodness guide my every thought, O Lord. And may the power of your Holy Spirit flow through my words and my actions today, and always.

Amen.


Think of the day ahead in terms of God with you, and visualize health, strength, guidance, purity, calm confidence, and victory as the gifts of His presence.



<i>The Annunciation (detail)</i>, fresco by Jacopo Pontormo ca. 1528.
The Annunciation (detail), fresco by Jacopo Pontormo ca. 1528. Pontormo emphasizes Mary's humanity and intelligence, rather than her innocence.

Being and Becoming

What you are is God's gift to you; what you become is your gift to God.

~ Hans Urs von Balthasar


Blue Latin Cross

Matthew 23:13-24 (ESV)

Woe to You!

“But woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you shut the kingdom of heaven in people's faces. For you neither enter yourselves nor allow those who would enter to go in. Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you travel across sea and land to make a single proselyte, and when he becomes a proselyte, you make him twice as much a child of hell as yourselves.

Woe to you, blind guides, who say, ‘If anyone swears by the temple, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by the gold of the temple, he is bound by his oath.’ You blind fools! For which is greater, the gold or the temple that has made the gold sacred? And you say, ‘If anyone swears by the altar, it is nothing, but if anyone swears by the gift that is on the altar, he is bound by his oath.’

You blind men! For which is greater, the gift or the altar that makes the gift sacred? So whoever swears by the altar swears by it and by everything on it. And whoever swears by the temple swears by it and by him who dwells in it. And whoever swears by heaven swears by the throne of God and by him who sits upon it.

Woe to you, scribes and Pharisees, hypocrites! For you tithe mint and dill and cumin, and have neglected the weightier matters of the law: justice and mercy and faithfulness. These you ought to have done, without neglecting the others. You blind guides, straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel!”


Notes on the Scripture

The tone of Jesus's diatribe against the Pharisees is clear: they are hypocrites and they are headed for hell. The specifics, on the other hand, are difficult to follow and need some explanation.

1) There were a considerable number of people in the Mediterranean from polytheistic cultures who were called by God. They had “ears to hear”; they were thirsty for monotheism, and Judaism was the only developed monotheistic religion. Judaism was, in fact, the religion of the one true God prior to Christ.

T

hese Gentiles would go to synagogues to learn and worship. One must think that God loved this characteristic of Judaism. It effectively created a Gentile population ready to receive Christ. The problem is that the Pharisees would work on these people to convince them to be circumcised and join the Pharisees in their false, rigid adherence to a body of manmade rules. In effect, they would take a person who was seeking God and divert him into a cult of hypocrisy.

2) The confusing business about swearing on an altar as opposed to swearing on the gift that is on an altar, which makes zero sense to us, is something we have seen before. (Matthew 5:33-37) First off, it shows just how minutely legalistic the Pharisees' religion was. They taught that a person who swore by the Temple did not make a binding oath, whereas a person who swore by the gold of the Temple did make a binding oath!

The legalism of this — that is, teaching that righteousness before God depended on such tiny and meaningless details — was false and unholy, in and of itself. But even worse, it was abused to break the law of Moses. Pharisee merchants would swear an oath that something was genuine, but leave some tiny technical detail out in order to cheat people! They might swear “by the Temple” that something was solid silver, when it was silver-plated copper, and laugh up their sleeve because the oath was worthless. They were not only stealing by fraud, but also using the law of Moses to help them do it.

3) Jews were obligated to give a tithe of all crops to the Temple. The Pharisees were so incredibly meticulous about following this law to the letter that, if they grew a small herb garden with a mint plant in it, they would break off a stem of mint as part of their sacrifice. Having complied with such meaningless minutiae of their rules, they neglected the great duties of justice, mercy, and faith.

A parallel to modern times will flesh out this criticism. Imagine a deacon in a local church who makes $873.70 in his paycheck, carefully counting out pennies so that he puts precisely $87.37 in the collection plate on Sunday. He then goes home, peers over the backyard fence to lust over his neighbor's teenage daughter sunning in her swimsuit, gets into a shouting match with another neighbor and calls him a “god-damned idiot”, and thinks up a way to hide a mechanical defect in a car he wants to sell. That is what Jesus is talking about, in the “tithe mint and dill and cumin” criticism.

Jesus used the metaphor “straining out a gnat and swallowing a camel.” This is a hyperbole, or an intentionally overstated metaphor. If it doesn't quite make sense, think of a person eating a bowl of soup, who strains out a tiny insect but ignores a dead rat in the bottom of the bowl.



endless knot

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